Singapore’s demerit points system named the Driver Improvement Points System (DIPS) was introduced on 1 March 1983.
DIPS is designed to identify and rehabilitate errant drivers through a system of rewards and punishments. Errant motorists are thus encouraged to improve their driving behaviours on the roads with incentives to expunge their demerit points and previous suspension record as well as remission of suspension period.
Suspension of driving licence
New or Probationary Motorists
For a new motorist who is under one year probation from the date of grant of his driving licence, his new driving licence will be revoked and become invalid when he accumulates 13 or more demerit points during his probationary period. The licence holder will have to retake all the necessary driving tests (theory and practical) to obtain a licence to drive/ride again.
For a motorist who has no previous suspension record with Traffic Police, if he has accumulated 24 or more demerit points within 24 consecutive months, his driving licence will become liable for the 1st suspension of 12 weeks.
For a motorist who has previous suspension records with Traffic Police, if he accumulated 12 or more demerit points within 12 consecutive months, his driving licence will become liable for the subsequent suspension.
For subsequent suspensions after 1st suspension, the suspension periods are :
- 2nd suspension : 24 weeks;
- 3rd suspension : 1 year;
- 4th suspension : 2 years; and
- 5th suspension (onwards) : 3 years.
Where the suspension period lasts a year or longer (i.e. 3rd suspension and onwards), the driving licence will be revoked and become invalid. The licence holder will have to retake all the necessary driving tests (theory and practical) to obtain a licence to drive/ride again.
Motorists liable for 1st and 2nd suspension will be offered a retraining course to correct their driving behaviours. If they take and pass the retraining course, their suspension period will be given a remission:
- For 1st suspension, the suspension period will be reduced from 12 weeks to 4 weeks. If none of their traffic offences leading to their 1st suspension was involved in traffic accident, their suspension period will be further reduced to 1 week; and
- For 2nd suspension, it will be reduced from 24 weeks to 12 weeks.
There is no offer of retraining course and remission for 3rd and subsequent suspensions.
During the suspension period, the photocard driving licences must be surrendered to Traffic Police. For 1st and 2nd suspensions, the photocard driving licences will be returned to the motorists upon the expiry of the suspension period. The following table summarises the suspension rules under DIPS for non-probationary motorists.
Multiple Notice of demerit points accumulated
Motorist will be notified and updated of their demerit point status after settling every offence where demerit points are awarded. The intent of the letter is to pre-warn the licence holder to improve his driving behaviour, and encourage them to remain offence-free for 12 months for their demerit points to be expunged, which otherwise they may face the consequence of becoming liable for suspension.
Incentives for good driving behaviour
A licence holder who maintains a 12-month period free of scheduled offences from the date of last scheduled offence committed will have all his previous demerit points removed from his record.
A licence holder who maintains a 24-month period free of scheduled offences from the date of expiry of last suspension will also have all his previous suspension(s) removed from his record, i.e. he will be treated similar to a driver with no previous suspension record.
Motorists with a clean driving record for a continuous period of three years will enjoy a discount over and above the usual No-Claim Bonus when they renew their insurance policy with participating insurance companies. They must also not have made any claims on their vehicles’ insurance for the past three years.
List Of Scheduled Offences Under DIPS